Naupactus cervinus Boheman
Geographic distribution
Major pest of many crops
  • Argentina
    • Buenos Aires
    • Catamarca
    • Chaco
    • Chubut
    • Córdoba
    • Corrientes
    • Entre Ríos
    • Jujuy
    • La Pampa
    • Mendoza
    • Misiones
    • Salta
    • Santa Fe
    • Tucumán
  • Uruguay
Other distribution
Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, São Paulo


Artigas, Canelones, Colonia, Durazno, Maldonado, Montevideo, Río Negro, Treinta y Tres

Introduced in Chile (including Easter Island and Juan Fernández Islands), North America (30 states in USA), Central America, West Indies, Hawaii and other Pacific islands, Europe, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and Japan.
  • Naupactus cervinus Boheman 1840: 17
  • Asynonychus godmani Crotch 1867: 380
  • Aramigus fulleri Horn 1876: 94
  • Naupactus simplex Pascoe 1881: 39
  • Pantomorus olindae Perkins 1900: 130
  • Strophosomus canariensis Uyttenboogaart 1937: 107
Naupactus cervinus differentiates from other Naupactus because of the brown scaly vestiture, with one oblique white stripe on middle length of elytra, from margin to 5º interval. The rostrum is conical, the eyes strongly convex, the pronotum subcylindrical, the elytra eval with straight base, lacking humeri and with lines of erect white setae on the posterior third of the uneven intervals; the corbels of the hind tibiae are absent.

First instar and mature larvae were described by Marvaldi & Loiácono (1994) and Marvaldi (1998) (called A. godmanni in those papers).
It biology was studied by Woodruff & Bullock (1979) and Coats & McCoy (1990), among other authors. Guedes & Parra (2004) studied its oviposition habits. Males are unknown for most populations (Lanteri 1986) which include only parthenogenetic females, infected with the bacterium Wolbachia, that induces parthenogenesis in several Naupactini (Rodriguero et al. 2010a b). The genetic variability is very high in its original area of distribution (Rodriguero et al. 2013).

Several natural enemies are known for this weevil, e.g. nematodes (Steirneinema carpocapsae (Weiser), Heterorhabditis sp), fungi (Bauveria bassiana (Bals.), Metarhyzium anisopliae (Metschnikoff)) and parasitic wasps, as Fidiobia citri (Nixon) (Platygastridae) and Microctonus sp (Braconidae) (Rodriguero et al. 2014).
Commonly known as “fuller’s rose weevil” (USA), “capachito de los frutales” or “gusano de las rosáceas” (Chile), because of the damage caused in ornamental and fruit plants. In Argentina is harmful for Citrus sp (Rutaceae), alfalfa Medicago sativa L. (Fabaceae), garden and fruit plants, mainly of the family Rosaceae, e.g. Prunus spp, Fragaria, spp, Rosa spp (Lanteri 1994, Lanteri et al. 2002a, del Río et al. 2010).

Citrus spp are main hosts in Brazil (Lanteri et al. 2002b, Guedes et al. 2005), Australia (Chadwick 1965), and USA (California and Florida states) (McCoy et al. 2006). Other hosts are Phaseolus spp (Fabaceae), Solanum tuberosum L. (Solanaceae), Hibiscus (Malvaceae), Passiflora edulis Sims. (Passifloraceae), Gardenia (Rubiaceae), Begonia (Begoniaceae), Rhododendron (Ericaceae), Lilium (Liliaceae), etc. It is highly polyphagous.
  • BOHEMAN C.H. 1840. In: Schoenherr, C.J. Genera et species curculionidum cum synonymia hujus familiae. Roret, Paris; Fleischer, Lipsiae. Vol. 6, pt.1, pp. 1-474.
  • CROTCH R.G. 1867. On the Coleoptera of the Azores. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 359-391, illus. [Curc. pp. 359-365, 387-389, 391].
  • HORN G.H. 1876. In: LeConte J.L., Horn G.H. (eds). The Rhynchophora of America, north of Mexico. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 15(96): 1-455 [Horn, pp 13-112].
  • PASCOE F.P. 1881. New Neotropical Curculionidae. Part. IV. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 5(7): 38-45.
  • PERKINS R.C.L. 1900. Coleoptera Rhynchophora, Proterhinidae, Heteromera and Cioidae. In: Fauna Hawaiiensis, vol. 2, pp. 117-270, illus.
  • UYTTENBOOGAART D.L. 1937. Contributions to the knowledge of the fauna of the Canary islands. XIX. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 80(1-2): 75-118.
  • CHADWICK C.E. 1965. A review of fuller's rose weevil (Pantomorus cervinus (Boh.) (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Australia (N. S. W.) 2: 10-20.
  • WOODRUFF R.E. & BULLOCK R.C. 1979. Fuller's Rose Weevil Pantomorus cervinus (Boheman), in Florida (Coleoptera; Curculionidae). Division of Plant Industry Entomology circulars.
  • LANTERI A.A. 1986. Revisión del género Asynonychus Crotch (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Revista de la Asociación de Ciencias Naturales del Litoral 17(2): 161-174.
  • COATS S.A. & MCCOY C.W. 1990. Fuller rose beetle (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Ovipositional preference on Florida citrus. Journal of Economic Entomology 83(3): 860-865.
  • LANTERI A.A. 1994. Bases para el control integrado de los gorgojos de la alfalfa. De la Campana Ediciones, La Plata, 119 pp.
  • MARVALDI A.E. & LOIÁCONO M.S. 1994. First instar larvae in the tribe Naupactini (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 38(2): 453-466.
  • MARVALDI A.E. 1998. Larvae of South American Entimini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and phylogenetic implications of certain characters. Revista Chilena de Entomología 25: 21-44.
  • LANTERI A.A. ET AL. 2002a. Gorgojos de la Argentina y sus plantas huéspedes. Tomo I: Apionidae y Curculionidae. Publicación Especial de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina Nº 1, 98 pp.
  • LANTERI A.A. ET AL. 2002b. Weevil Injurious for Roots of Citrus in São Paulo State, Brazil. Neotropical Entomology 31(4): 561-569.
  • GUEDES J.V.C. & PARRA J.R. 2004. Oviposição dos curculionídeos-das-raízes dos citros (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Ciência Rural, Santa Maria, 34(3): 673-678.
  • GUEDES J.V.C. ET AL. 2005. Chave de Identificação, Ocorrência e Distribuição dos Curculionídeos-das-raízes dos Citros em São Paulo e Minas Gerais. Neotropical Entomology 34(4): 577-584.
  • MCCOY C.W. ET AL. 2006. Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide: Citrus Root Weevils. EDIS.
  • DEL RÍO M.G. ET AL. 2010. Gorgojos (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) perjudiciales para “frutos rojos” en la Argentina. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 69(1-2): 101-110.
  • RODRIGUERO M.S. ET AL. 2010a. Wolbachia infection in the tribe Naupactini: association between thelytokous parthenogenesis and infection status. Insect Molecular Biology 19(5): 599-705.
  • RODRIGUERO M.S. ET AL. 2010b. Mito-nuclear genetic comparison in the Wolbachia infected weevil Naupactus cervinus insight on reproductive mode, infection age and evolutionary forces shaping genetic variation. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10(340): 1-15.
  • RODRIGUERO M.S. ET AL. 2013. Speciation in the asexual realm: is the parthenogenetic weevil Naupactus cervinus a complex of species in statu nascendi? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 644-656.
  • RODRIGUERO M.S. ET AL. 2014. Parasitoidism of the “Fuller`s rose weevil” Naupactus cervinus by Microctonus sp. larvae. BioControl 59: 547–556.
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