Parapantomorus fluctuosus (Boheman)
Geographic distribution
An occasional minor pest
  • Argentina
    • Catamarca
    • Chaco
    • Corrientes
    • Formosa
    • Jujuy
    • Misiones
    • Salta
    • Santiago del Estero
    • Tucumán
Other distribution
La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija

Federal District, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Rondônia, Pará, São Paulo

Amambay, Central, Cordillera, San Pedro
  • Naupactus fluctuosus Boheman 1840:15
  • Pseudopantomorus sharpi Heller 1921: 22
  • Parapantomorus fluctuosus : Hustache 1947: 108
Parapantomorus fluctuosus lacks humeri and hind wings; front coxa are separated from each other; eyes are strongly convex; and vestiture is composed of dense scales and short recumbent setae, and shows a characteristic brown and white pattern on the elytra.

This species is probably parthenogenetic, since males are completely unknown (Lanteri & Normark 1995). Guedes & Parra (2004) and Guedes et al. (2005) described oviposition habits and damage produced on Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (=orange) in Brazil.
Citrus spp (Rutaceae), Glycine max (L.) Merr. (Fabaceae), Amaranthus spp (Amaranthaceae) and Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvaceae) (Lanteri et al. 2002a b). In Brazil is also associated with Leucaena sp and Stylosanthes sp (Fabaceae), and it causes damage on Citrus spp (Rutaceae) (Guedes et al. 2005).

It is mainly associated with native vegetation of Chacoan, Yungas and Cerrado biogeographic provinces.

  • BOHEMAN C.H. 1840. In: Schoenherr, C.J. Genera et species curculionidum cum synonymia hujus familiae. Roret, Paris; Fleischer, Lipsiae. Vol. 6, pt.1, pp. 1-474.
  • HELLER K.M. 1921. Nuevos curculiónidos de la Argentina. Anales de la Sociedad Científica Argentina 91: 19-35.
  • HUSTACHE A. 1947. Naupactini de l’Argentine et des régions limitrophes (Col. Curculion.). Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 13(1-5): 3-146.
  • LANTERI A.A. & NORMARK B.B. 1995. Parthenogenesis in the tribe Naupactini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 88(6): 722-731.
  • LANTERI A.A. ET AL. 2002a. Gorgojos de la Argentina y sus plantas huéspedes. Tomo I: Apionidae y Curculionidae. Publicación Especial de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina Nº 1, 98 pp.
  • LANTERI A.A. ET AL. 2002b. Weevil Injurious for Roots of Citrus in São Paulo State, Brazil. Neotropical Entomology 31(4): 561-569.
  • GUEDES J.V.C. & PARRA J.R. 2004. Oviposição dos curculionídeos-das-raízes dos citros (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Ciência Rural, Santa Maria, 34(3): 673-678.
  • GUEDES J.V.C.ET AL. 2005. Chave de Identificação, Ocorrência e Distribuição dos Curculionídeos-das-raízes dos Citros em São Paulo e Minas Gerais. Neotropical Entomology 34(4): 577-584.
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